The Development of Inades-Formation’s Approach to Work
Initially, correspondence courses …
Since its inception, Inades-Formation has made a sustained effort to adapt its services to the pace of the constant developments and changes in the African rural world and the changing strategies of its actors. In the 1960s, the challenge was primarily technological, for an audience composed of rural adults, farmers, activists and supervisors of the rural world. The hallmark of all the efforts made at that time was the Red Book of Agriculture, administered, through correspondence courses. Each course was well thought out from the content to the methods of providing support to the registered people, in a continuous effort to bring the knowledge and know-how necessary for the implementation of the learners’ activities. For about twenty years, these courses effectively supported the access of many African farmers to the methods and techniques of agricultural production. The reputation of these courses went well beyond the boundaries of the African continent, as in the late 1970s, the FAO financed their translation into other languages.
… Going beyond training: The Project-based Approach and the Intervention Program Integrated into the Beneficiaries’ Projects (APFI)
In the early 1980s, the organization of the rural world became the major challenge. For another twenty years, the role of farmers and their organizations in development will be on the agenda, with safe alternatives: “democracy and development, gender and development, and women’s access to means of production and products of the family farm”, etc. Thus, the project approach and the intervention program approach integrated into the beneficiaries’ projects (APFI) were initiated and used to systematically take into account the needs of training seekers and to organize these training courses in a more consistent way and take account of factors other than training.
… At the ADOP stage: Support to farmers’ organizational dynamics…
The 1990s experienced a particular emphasis on the role of rural people in national development in terms of farmers’ power, with a strong political dimension. It became clear that, in addition to production techniques, rural actors needed multifaceted solutions in the light of development challenges in economic, political, social and cultural terms. This also implied a good understanding of international influences on local problems.
The strengthening of the farmers’ power then became a link in the actions of Inades-Formation for a sustainable development chosen by farmers organized to take their destiny in their own hands.
As a result, Inades-Formation wondered about its socio-political project and its approach to development, in line with developments in the rural world. The first results of this reflection were achieved in 1995 and gave rise to the ADOP development approach: support to the Farmers’ Organizational Dynamics.
ADOP was based on the following principles:
The centrality of farmers
Access to and control of strategic resources
Capacity building of farmers
Partnership to promote the desired changes
Equity between social categories
A wide range of research and experimentation was thus initiated, fostering the emergence of new areas of intervention, including: decentralization and local development, rural financing, rural entrepreneurship, agricultural sector, farmer communication, sustainable management of natural resources, etc. There was also the emergence of new audiences such as decentralized governments, rural municipalities, underprivileged urban populations, village communities, etc.
…And now SAADEV: Stimulation and Support to Development Alternatives for the Common Good
In 2013, Inades-Formation re-launched a process to analyze the effectiveness and adaptation of its interventions in the light of given persistent dysfunctions in today’s society.
Indeed, the current model of development has broken down. Dominated by liberal and neoliberal thinking, the mechanisms underlying this model convey evils such as individualism, competition, consumerism, accumulation of wealth, covetousness and commodification of natural resources, etc. and lead to the loss of values such as solidarity.
Consequently, this model generates a society marked by:
The growing poverty of a majority on one side and an increasingly rich minority that concentrates the world’s wealth in its hands on the other side;
A concentration of wealth in the hands of a decreasing number, the domination of a few people, increasing inequalities, social exclusion;
The persistent food insecurity of African states that are struggling to achieve food self-sufficiency;
The plundering of natural resources that do not benefit local communities and jeopardize their availability for future generations;
Environmental degradation, climate change;
The incentive to standardize the lifestyles of populations according to the market, at the expense of freedom of choice and consumer rights;
The mismanagement of public and collective goods by those in charge of their protection.
In the light of these findings, it appeared that the design and implementation of ADOP was no longer relevant to the current challenges that require a transformation of societies.
In response to these dysfunctions in society, Inades-Formation proposes the choice of a society based on the search for the common good and undertakes to stimulate and support development alternatives for the common good.
The new approach to work is thus found: “Stimulation and Support to Development Alternatives for the Common Good, “SAADEV” for short.
With SAADEV, the field of action of Inades-Formation is widening and the targets are no longer the farmers only.
The modalities of SAADEV
The implementation of SAADEV is based on three modalities of intervention, namely:
Co-construction and experimentation of practical initiatives in the field
Advocacy for an enabling regulatory framework or the co-construction of values, norms, laws and rules of living well together
Steering study, research, conceptualization to support creativity, innovation and thought on development serving the common good.
The underlying tenets of our approach to work (SAADEV)
The approach to work of Inades-Formation “SAADEV” is based on 7 fundamentals that are: