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Inades-Formation Burkina organized from 28th to 29th May 2020 in Dédougou a reflection workshop with the Local Innovators and Community Learning Circles (CILAC). This workshop aimed at making them more operational. About twenty representatives from seven CILACs participated in this activity. It is part of the implementation by Inades-Formation Burkina of the project on repositioning food for sovereignty. This project, which is being implemented in the Boucle du Mouhoun region, benefits from financial support from Misereor.

Local Innovators and Community Learning Circles (CILAC) are groups of 4 to 5 farmers who are experiencing the same realities and changes in agro-sylvo-pastoral production. These groups are constantly experimenting with solutions to the challenges they face.

Within the framework of the implementation of the project for the enhancement of sovereignty food by Inades-Formation Burkina during the period 2017-2019, seven (07) CILACs were set up in the Boucle du Mouhoun region, including 5 in the Mouhoun province and 2 in the Kossi province. The role of these CILACs is to document their observations, identify and document alternative solutions, experiment these alternative solutions and share the learning with community members and local partners.

Group work during the workshop

The work of the workshop to define benchmarks for evaluating the value added of the services provided by CILACs in their community led to the achievement of two main results.

The first is the definition of 05 benchmarks/criteria for evaluating the added value of the services provided by CILACs. These benchmarks are as follows:

  • increase in agricultural yields through the use of the services offered by the CILACs,
    the degree of mobilization of the population around the services provided by the CILACs,
    decreased spending on modern inputs,
    the appreciation by the population of the services rendered by the CILACs,
    the solicitation of authorities (municipal and technical) for the services rendered by CILACS

The second important result achieved is the identification of the main elements of the 2020-2022 action plan for each CILAC. These main elements relate in particular to the areas of activities, the actions/activities to be carried out, the actors to be involved in carrying out the activities and the implementation period.

The Dédougou workshop was also an opportunity to improve the participants’ knowledge of the concept of CILAC, the role and responsibilities of this structure, its mode of operation and the field of activities. This reflection and training workshop represents an important step for the CILACs in the process of operationalizing their actions.

However, the low level of education of their members is a handicap for their development. To this end, reflections are underway to enable them to meet the challenges they face in their work.

Participants in the reflection and training workshop for the members of the CILACs of the Boucle du Mouhoun

Samuel SOMDA / Inades-Formation Burkina Faso

Inades-Formation Burundi, in order to increase rice production in the developed marshes, has introduced the technique of “Intensive Rice Growing System (IRS)” in the 3 rice cooperatives it supports in Maramvya in the commune of Mutimbuzi in the west of the country, and in Kabo and Kibaba in the commune of Nyanza-lac in the south of the country. One hundred and twenty (120) rice growers, members of these 3 rice cooperatives, have been trained in the SRI technique.

After the theoretical and practical training, held in December 2018 and 2019, the trained rice farmers set up control plots of about 14.5 ha in the three marshlands (Kibaba, Kabo and Maramvya). These control plots, cultivated using the SRI technique, were set up near another field cultivated without applying this method, in order to allow comparison between yields.

Theoretical training

While the average rice yield per hectare without SRI was less than 4 tons per hectare depending on the locality, the average rice yield obtained with the SRI technique was 6.5 tons per hectare. The average yield of rice obtained with the SRI technique was 6.5 tons per hectare. SRI promotes the physiological potential of rice, which can develop its capacity to form a large number of tillers. Rice production thus doubled or even tripled in terms of tonnage per hectare in the 3 rice cooperatives of Maramvya, Nyanza-lac and Kabo during the B 2018 and B 2019 growing seasons. The production obtained has thus made it possible to recoup the high investments of the hydro-agricultural works carried out in the project’s areas of action.

In view of the good results obtained during the first trials of the SRI, the number of members of the cooperatives has continued to grow, and the number of rice growers who have adopted the SRI has increased from 165 to 587.

Transplanted plot

Definite advantages for rice farmers

With the SRI method, rice farmers have realized 3 types of advantages:

  • A saving of seeds 

For one hectare, SRI requires row sowing with a seedling spacing of 25 x 25 cm and a seed quantity of 4.8 kg of seed per hectare, whereas previously rice farmers used more than 100 kg of seed per hectare.

  • An increase in rice yield per hectare

The average production recorded per hectare depends on the locality. Indeed, by respecting the conditions of physiological development of rice with SRI, for the cooperatives of Nyanza-lac (Kabo and Kibaba), the yields obtained oscillate around 8 to 9 tons per hectare, while in the cooperative of Maramvya, an average of 6 to 8 tons per hectare was obtained.

  • Saving water 

Contrary to popular belief, rice is not an aquatic plant. SRI is a minimum water rice crop. The necessary amount of water is given when needed. During the vegetative phase, a water layer of 1 cm must be maintained, and then the rice fields are emptied to oxygenate the soil.

Rice in the flowering stage

The introduction of SRI in the three cooperatives supported by Inades-Formation Burundi was carried out within the framework of the programme “Promotion of food sovereignty and women’s participation in rural Burundi”, financed by the Basque Government.

In view of the more than satisfactory results, Inades-Formation Burundi will continue to disseminate this method in all the areas where the beneficiary members of the three cooperatives cultivate rice.

Rice harvest

Inades-Formation Burundi